Estimating Blood Pressure Using PPG signals

Blood pressure (BP) is a vital sign of the human body and an important parameter for early detection of cardiovascular diseases. It is usually measured using cuff-based devices or monitored invasively in critically-ill patients. This project is a continuation of a previous projects performed in SIPL for measuring blood pressure using smartphones. In this project report, we briefly review the theoretical background and rationale for using photoplethysmography (PPG) signals, and describe in detail the filtering and preprocessing procedures performed on raw pairs of PPG and blood pressure signals. In addition, this report presents two techniques that enable continuous and noninvasive cuff-less BP estimation using PPG signals with Convolutional Neural Networks. The first technique is calibration-free. The second technique achieves a more accurate measurement by estimating BP changes with respect to a patient's PPG and ground truth BP values at calibration time. For this purpose, it uses Siamese network architecture. When trained and tested on the MIMIC-II database, it achieves mean absolute difference in the systolic and diastolic BP of 5.95 mmHg and 3.41 mmHg respectively. These results almost comply with the AAMI recommendation and are as accurate as the values estimated by many home BP measuring devices.

Estimating Blood Pressure Using PPG signals
Estimating Blood Pressure Using PPG signals
Estimating Blood Pressure Using PPG signals

ICASSP Paper

ICASSP Video Presentation

CCE Journal Paper

Collaboration: